Saturday, October 1, 2022
Blockchain Layers Security

Introduction to Blockchain Layers 0, 1, and 2 Security

What Are Blockchains Layers 0, 1, and 2? A blockchain is a complex, multi-layered system.  Bitcoin, the original blockchain, maintained a distributed and decentralized digital ledger on top of a peer-to-peer network.  Later blockchains, like Ethereum, added complexity by integrating smart contract functionality and the technology needed to support these programs that run on top of the blockchain. In addition to these various layers within a blockchain, there is now the concept of Layer 0, 1,...
DevSecOps Blockchain

Why DevSecOps is Essential for the Blockchain Ecosystem

In recent years, many organizations have adopted more modern development practices, including Agile, Scrum, and DevOps.  The goal of these new processes is to improve the pace and efficiency of development by streamlining the development process and using automation whenever possible. One of the main shortcomings of most DevOps programs is that they overlook security, focusing on getting software released as quickly as possible.  As a result, tens of thousands of vulnerabilities reach production each...
Crypto Wallet Attacks

Security Threats to Blockchain Networks – 6 – Wallet Attacks

Wallet Attacks: A Deep-dive Wallets are a logical target for cyber-attacks, along with the emerging institutions that hold custody of them on users’ behalf. While secured with technically unbreakable code, hackers have found numerous ways to gain illicit access to user wallets, whether by deception, theft, or ingenuity. In responding to this threat, the crypto-industry must consider whether to opt for traditional KYC-based measures or to seek crypto-native solutions to this perennial issue. If the...
Blockchain Consensus Attacks

Security Threats to Blockchain Networks – 5 – Consensus Attacks

Consensus Attacks: A Deep-dive Where centralized systems operate on the basis of centralized permission, blockchain protocols proceed on the basis of decentralized consensus. While this is more secure in theory, the system is not flawless. All blockchains are susceptible to consensus hacking, thanks to the ability to simulate, force, or circumvent majority consent for a nefarious aim. Solutions can be found for some of these attacks, but ultimately, the only solution to the consensus problem...
Blockchain Network Attacks

Security Threats to Blockchain Networks – 4 – Network Attacks

Network Attacks: A Deep-dive Network attacks are a class of exploits that focus on the isolation and manipulation of individual nodes or groups of nodes. While blockchain networks are theoretically robust against such attempts, both hackers and academics have found loopholes that can be used not only to defraud and damage individuals, but also scale up to take down entire exchanges. While easily overlooked, the list of network attacks is likely to grow in the...
Smart Contract Security

Security Threats to Blockchain Networks – 3 – Smart Contracts

Smart Contract Risk and How to Mitigate It: A Deep-dive The strengths of smart contracts are also the source of its weaknesses, and will always present opportunities for hackers to exploit. So far, the pace of innovation in counter-measures is struggling to keep pace with innovation in the methods of attack. It’s reasonable to assume that as the Web3 environment stabilizes, an equilibrium will be achieved. However, the threat cannot be eliminated, and vigilance will...
Crypto Security Overview

Security Threats to Blockchain Networks – 2 – A Holistic Overview

The utopian view of the blockchain as an unhackable alternative to the status quo is a pipedream. Many traditional cyberattacks are effective in a blockchain-based setting, and even cryptographically-secured processes are prone to errors and exploits. Understanding the potential attack vectors is a prerequisite to building a stable blockchain-based alternative to today’s centralized networks. Introduction The capacity for blockchain to alter the modern-day economy and society is immense. This potential goes well beyond the creation of...
Crypto Attacks

Security Threats to Blockchain Networks – 1 – Cyber Attacks Taxonomy

Cyber-Attack Strategies in the Blockchain Era - A Framework for Categorizing the Emerging Threats to the Crypto Economy Market attacks Rely on the mass-manipulation of investors through asymmetric information Pump-and-dump Parties conspire to artificially inflate (pump) the price of an asset using various manipulation tactics (spoofing, wash selling, layering), in advance of selling (dumping) their stake. The reverse technique can be used to acquire an asset below fair value in a short-selling strategy. Exit scam A project such as an...